Children in our primary program learn to read, write and count at their own pace. They learn to make choices, finish and put work away, and how to correct their mistakes. They learn and practice independence, patience and responsibility for themselves and others, as well as becoming masters of creative problem solving.
Children at the primary level are in their first plane of development, considered the most formative and, possibly, the most critical stage of development.
Also known as the plane of the Absorbent Mind, these children are soaking in all of the information around them. Children at this stage of development have the need for Order and Orientation, so the prepared environment is ordered, attractive and simple.
These children also have the need to sensorially explore, especially with their hands, they learn by touching things around them. They begin with the concrete and work towards the abstract.
These activities are performed in everyday life to maintain the surrounding environment and the person in adequate living conditions. The work of the child with Practical Life exercises cannot be underestimated as these exercises lay the foundation for everything else the child will do in the Montessori environment. Practical Life activities are those essential activities that make the child independent, self-sufficient, help him or her to achieve order, learn to follow action sequences and provoke concentration. Lessons in the Practical life area focus on care of the environment, care of self, grace and courtesy, coordination of fine and gross motor activities.
The Sensorial exercises help the child to develop the five senses. This is achieved by exposing the child to Sensorial material during the sensitive periods the child goes through. The sensorial exercises enable the child to discriminate, order, classify, and describe sensory impressions with relation to length, width, temperature, mass, color, pitch and smell. Lessons in the Sensorial area focus on:
There is a specific period during the child's development in which a child naturally and spontaneously learns the language in an unconscious manner. Utilizing the Montessori material, the teacher indirectly helps the child to enrich and perfect his language. Language exercises are targeted to teach the child to read, write, and obtain an awareness of the meaning of words. Lessons in the Language area focus on:
Montessori math material helps the child begin at the concrete level and progress to the abstract level. Mathematics material is concrete, solid. Each exercise encompasses a specific experience that is the basis for the child to develop his or her own abstractions in the future. Lessons in Math focus on:
An important element in the development of the child's personality is actual contact with reality and the ability to involve oneself in it. It is because of the prepared environment that the child enjoys the freedom to experiment, observe, manipulate, explore, discover, and classify things found in nature and around him. Lessons in the Science and Geography area focus on:
In Montessori, art is viewed as a process and a means of self-expression. Children are allowed to create their own personal interpretations of what art means to them. During this process they develop the fine and gross motor skills they will use in all the other areas of the classroom:
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